All understanding is built upon morality, a set of
values against which reason interprets events, and this morality
is an essential and physical part of every adult human. It is
formed during infancy, and the resulting personality created by this understanding may be separated into two distinct types:
Selfish: those whose code of morality places self ahead of all other considerations, so their behaviour is controlled only by convenience (Immoral).
Unselfish: those who revere a code of morality ahead of themselves, which controls their behaviour (Moral).
The Selfish, or Immoral
The selfish, or immoral, person is someone who has been taught to prize themselves above everything, hence they:
Are Irrational: unrestrained by any morality except that of convenience, they are unable to resist the demands of their impulses, so their reason becomes a slave of their feelings and truth becomes what their fears and fancies demand, not what sober observation reveals. Hence they cannot think clearly nor accumulate knowledge but must wallow in delusion.
Are Tyrannical: being a slave to their own emotions means they demand everyone else becomes the same slave.
Do not Respect others: not their lives, property, rights, freedoms, nor opinions. They only respect themselves, their own feelings, opinions, rights and freedoms.
Dissipate Wealth: by placing all their efforts into indulging their impulses while avoiding the demands of others, they can only exhaust, and not accumulate, wealth.
Are Irresolute: at the mercy of the vagaries of their feelings they have lost the military spirit and are whimsical, disloyal and cowardly.
Win Misery: despite indulging their urges they find only unhappiness.
Unselfish, or Moral
Adopting any set of values that prize something other than private indulgence, allows an individual to:
Be Rational: by suppressing the whimsical demands of emotions the individual can form a stable sensible understanding with a clear grasp of reality, which allows not only the accumulation of knowledge but the notions of justice and duty, which in turn win:
Resolve: by supplying the inspiration to overcome hardship and resist temptation.
Justice: by upholding an unselfish moral code, which is the opposite of tyranny
Happiness: the pursuit of worthwhile and rewarding tasks, secure in the knowledge that these efforts are enriching the thing they cherish most, their community, which will survive beyond their own life-span.
Respect Others: the adopted values dictate that self is subordinate to the community, so the general welfare of others is more important than private welfare.
Create Wealth: the energy supplied by physical appetites is changed into lasting achievements rather than fleeting moments of pleasure. A moral man may build a fence instead of pursuing sexual gratification; a moral woman may repair her children's clothes instead of seeking the attentions of the opposite sex.
A moral individual improves their world by creating riches perceived by a clear understanding and won through self-sacrifice, an immoral (selfish) individual achieves the opposite; they consume wealth by sacrificing all around them on the altar of their private desires while hiding this fact by lying. The moral make their community richer and cleverer, while the immoral generate poverty and delusion.